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LANGUAGES:

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COUNTRY/IES SPOKEN IN:

* much of this information provided by Wikipedia.org

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AFRIKAANS

South Africa- Afrikaans is a derivative of Dutch and is mostly spoken by white descendants of Dutch colonists.

ALBANIAN

Albania
ARABIC Throughout the middle east
ASTURIAN Asturia
AYMARA Bolivia, Peru, also Chile and Argentina. Aymara is an Andean language
AZERBAIJANI Azerbaijan
BASQUE Basque region in Northern Spain and Southwestern France.
BELORUSSIAN Belorus- former member of the Soviet Union, very similar to Russian
BEMBA Zambia, also known as Chibemba and Ichibemba, a Bantu language
BENGALI India, Bangladesh. It's second to Hindi as spoken in India. Almost 200 million people speak Bengali, making it the 4th or 5th most widely used language.
BLACKFOOT Spoken by the native Americans tribes of the Northwestern Plains, stretching from Montana along the Canadian border.
BRETON Brittany- the Celtic region of France. One of the Celtic languages still spoken in Western Europe along with Welsh, Irish, Cornish & Scottish.
BULGARIAN Bulgaria
CATALAN Spain
CEBUANO Philippines, also known as Sugbuanon. The name derives from the island of Cebu.

CHINESE

 

Hong Kong- Mandarin Chinese

China, Taiwan- Cantonese Chinese

CORNISH Cornwall, another Celtic language
CROATIAN Croatia
CZECH Czech Republic- formerly Czechoslovakia
DANISH Denmark
DUTCH The Netherlands
ENGLISH England, USA, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Uganda, South Africa, Ireland, Scotland
ESPERANTO Worldwide, a made up language in an attempt to create an international standard language. The name derives from D-ro Esperanto (Dr. Hopeful)
ESTONIAN Estonia
ETHIOPIAN Ethiopia
FAROESE Faroe Islands, also in Denmark and Iceland to lesser degree
FARSI Iran, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Afghanistan. The language of Persia.
FINNISH Finland  
FLEMISH Belgium, the Northern part which speaks Dutch/Flemish. Flemish differs from Dutch in pronunciation and a few words. Flemish is also an adjective to describe the people from this region.

FRENCH

 

France, Belgium, Cameroon, Madagascar,Quebec province of Canada, Canadian French

FRISIAN Netherlands and Germany, the language of the North Sea
GALICIAN Spain- Portuguese dialect spoken in the Northwest of Spain.
GERMAN Germany, Austria, Belgium
GREEK Greece, Cyprus
GUARANI Argentina, Brazil, Bolivia, Paraguay. Guarani is the native language of Paraguay.
HAITIAN CREOLE Haiti creole is a derivative of French. A form of Creole is also spoken in New Orleans, Louisiana (USA) which was a French colony.
HAWAIIAN Hawaii
HEBREW Israel
HINDI India, and wherever Indian people have settled.
HUNGARIAN Hungary
ICELANDIC Iceland, a derivative of Old Norse as Iceland was settled by the Norsemen.
INDONESIAN Indonesia
INUKTITUT Alaska, Canada, Greenland. The language of the Inuit tribe
IRISH Ireland
ITALIAN Italy
JAPANESE Japan
KONGO Angola, Republic of Congo. The language of the former Kongo Empire
KOREAN North Korea, South Korea
LATIN Vatican City, Catholic mass
LATVIAN Latvia
LITHUANIAN Lithuania
LUGANDA Uganda, a Bantu classified language
LUXEMBOURGISH Luxembourg, a dialect of German
MACEDONIAN Macedonia, slavic language similar to Bulgarian and old Serbian
MALAGASY Madagascar, a mix of Polynesian language. There are 18 dialects of Malagasy but Medina is the official Malagasy dialect
MALAY Malaysia, Thailand, Singapore. Very similar to Indonesian.
MALTESE Malta, a combination of Arabic
MAORI New Zealand, language of the native Maori people
MAYA Mexcio and Central America. The language of the Mayan people of southern Mexico and northern Central America (Guatemala, Belize, western Honduras, and El Salvador)
MOHAWK Mohawk tribe of New York State (USA)
NAHUATL Mexico, the language of the Aztecs and official language of former Mesoamerica
NORWEGIAN Norway
PAPAGO Arizona State (USA). The language of the tribe of Tohono O'odham, a Native American tribe formerly known as the Papago who reside primarily in the Sonoran Desert.
PIDGIN ENGLISH Nigeria
POLISH Poland

PORTUGUESE:

Portugal, Brazil
PROVENCAL France, Piedmont region of Italy

QUECHUA

Columbia, Chile, Ecuador. The official language of the Incan Empire, it's widely spoken in South America.
ROMANIAN Romania
ROMANSCH Switzerland, believed to be a derivative of 'vulgar Latin'.
ROMANY  
RUANDA  
RUSSIAN Russian
SAMOAN Samoa
SCOTTISH GAELIC Scotland, Hebrides Islands
SEPEDI  
SERBIAN Serbia
SHONA  
SICILIAN Sicily, Italy
SLOVAK Slovakia, formerly Czechoslovakia. Also spoken by Slavic people in Hungary, Poland, Romania, former Yugoslavia.
SLOVENE Slovenia, similar to Croatian and Serbian. Also spoken by Slavic people in Hungary, Italy and Austria.
SOMALI Somalia, Kenya and Ethiopia. Used to use Arabic and Ethiopian alphabet until 1972.
SORBIAN  
SOTHO Lestho, a Bantu language of Africa
SPANISH Spain, Mexico, Central and South America
SWAHILI  
SWAZI Swaziland
SWEDISH Sweden
TAGALOG Philippines
TAHITIAN Tahiti
THAI Thailand
TONGAN Tonga
TSWANA Botswana, a Bantu language
TURKISH Turkey, Cyprus
UKRANIAN Ukraine
URDU  
VIETNAMESE Vietnam
WELSH Wales
WOLOF Senegal
XHOSA South Africa
YIDDISH Germany, spoken by Ashkenazic Jews, also called Jewish German
YORUBA Nigeria
ZULU South Africa
Google
 
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CLASSIFICATIONS OF LANGUAGES:

As you study languages, you may notice that many languages seem to be similar. In fact there are several classifications within foreign languages that show common root languages. These are just a few- for more information visit Wikipedia.com and type "language families".

Romance Languages

- derived from Old Latin

-spoken in Europe

 

English, Spanish, French, Italian, Portuguese, Romanian, Latin, German

Slavic Languages

-spoken in Eastern Europe by Slavic peoples

East Slavic;Russian, Ukrainian, and Belarusian.

West Slavic;
Czech and Slovak

Upper and Lower Sorbian in Germany,

Lekhitic languages; Polish, Pomeranian/Kashubian and Polabian.
South Slavic;
Slovenian, Serbian, Bosnian and Croatian, Bulgarian and Macedonian.

Bantu Languages

- derived from Bantu empire

-spoken in Central and South African nations

Luganda, Sotho, Bemba (also known as Chibemba and Ichibemba), Swahili,
Lingala, Gikuyu
Bukusu, Lusoga
Kikongo, Chichewa
Kinyarwanda, Kirundi
Shona, Ndebele (Sindebele), Tswana (Setswana), Sesotho
Zulu (isiZulu), Xhosa
Sepedi, Swazi
Ngumba (Cameroon)
Kako (Cameroon)

Polynesian Languages

-spoken in Polynesia

Maori, Malagasy, Tahitian, Samoan, Tongan, Hawaiian

Fijian, although Melanesian, is also very similar.